مقاله Medication Errors in an Emergency Department in a Large Teaching Hospital in Tehran

مقاله Medication Errors in an Emergency Department in
a Large Teaching Hospital in Tehran

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توجه : در صورت  مشاهده  بهم ريختگي احتمالي در متون زير ،دليل ان کپي کردن اين مطالب از داخل فایل ورد مي باشد و در فايل اصلي مقاله Medication Errors in an Emergency Department in
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بخشی از متن مقاله Medication Errors in an Emergency Department in
a Large Teaching Hospital in Tehran :

سال انتشار : 2013

تعداد صفحات : 8

Medication errors have important effects on increased length of hospitalization, increased
mortality and costs. We assessed the incidence of medication errors and characterize the error
types in an emergency department in a large teaching hospital in Tehran. We also investigated
the effect of Emergency Department pharmacists on patient safety with regard to recovery
of potentially harmful medication errors. The study was conducted in the 24 bed emergency
department from February to March, 2010 at a 600-bed teaching hospital. Two hospital
pharmacists and two clinical pharmacy residents observed care provision and collected data on
medication errors. Demographic data, type of medication error, the recorded stage of error, date
and time of occurrence and report, who made the error, probability of error were recorded from
medical records. We used chi-squared and independent sample t- tests for analyzing the data.
We recorded 203 medication errors during 180 hours. The incidence of medication errors
was 50.5% at various levels in the emergency department.

Significant difference in age means

was seen between the patients with and without medication errors.

Seventy four point nine

percent of errors were recorded as definitely an error. Most recorded errors were made by
nurses (44.5%) and occurred in administrating stage (63.6%). Given that the rate of the errors
was relatively high, it seems that the presence of clinical pharmacist can be beneficial.

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